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7 <br />The spy wholoved Aiax <br />NEWS ADVERTISER SUNDAY EDITION, March 28, 1999 PAGE 7 AM <br />First mayor of town made Camp X work, according to author of new book <br />BY JANE MCUONALU <br />Staff Writer <br />An incredible part of Oshawa, Whitby, <br />Ajax and Canadian history has finally been <br />told, more than 50 years after the fact. <br />"It's a travesty of history the way this story <br />has been distorted:' says Bill Macdonald. The <br />author of a new book that hails the achieve- <br />ments of the men and women who served on <br />the hattlefield of espionage during the Second <br />World War was in Ajax Saturday afternoon to <br />give belated credit where credit is due. Hav- <br />ing amassed almost 10 years of research and <br />face-to-face interviews for the book, the <br />Winnipeg writer praised the work done at <br />Camp X, the spy school and secret commu- <br />nications centre that straddled the Oshawa - <br />Whitby horder in the 1940%. He gives partic- <br />ular credit to the late Benjamin de Forest <br />'Pat' Bayly, the first mayor of Ajax. <br />"Pat Bayly was very undercover:' Mr. <br />Macdonald told the two dozen people gath- <br />ered in Ajax last Saturday for a book sign- <br />ing. "His car had a licence plate that could <br />not he identified by police. It would come up <br />classified"' <br />In his book, 'The True Intrepid: Sir <br />William Stephenson and the Unknown <br />Agents,' Mr. Macdonald says he began the <br />project because he was embarrassed he did- <br />n't know much about his fellow Winnipeg - <br />ger, Sir William Stephenson. The 42 -year- <br />old teacher and journalist would eventually <br />write that by 1942, Special Training School <br />103 (Camp X) "had become a communica- <br />tions centre linking Washington, Ottawa, <br />New York and London, organized by Pat <br />Bayly:' Professor Bayly, as he was called by <br />the select few who knew his name during <br />covert wartime operations, had never talked <br />about his wartime service when Mr. Mac- <br />donald interviewed him in 1991, before the <br />former mayor 's death. <br />An unusually modest man who Mr. Mac- <br />donald says he found to be "without ego:' <br />Mr. Bayly reluctantly acknowledged the <br />clandestine work he did in breaking enemy <br />corks, securing Allied communications and <br />devising a triangulation method of detect- <br />ing German U-boat positions. <br />"'Yes, it was kind of an im- <br />portant job. We did get rid of a <br />lot of submarines,' Bayly told <br />me" Seemingly still amazed at <br />the understated significance of <br />Mr. Bayly's contributions to <br />the war effort, Mr. Macdonald ±! <br />son, the man Winston Churchill codenamed <br />'Intrepid' at the start of the war, Bill Macdon- <br />ald says his 429 -page tome is the first history <br />compiled and authored by a Canadian. Pat <br />Bayly's name has only been "briefly men- <br />tioned" a couple of times, for example, in ar- <br />ticles and books written by mainly British au- <br />thors. Neither Canadian, he says, Stephenson <br />nor Bayly, received their due. <br />"Official histories are not representative of <br />what these people did," he continues, explain- <br />ing that Stephenson had provided a "life line" <br />3 <br />adds, "This was one of the most r <br />decisive elements in (winning) g <br />the Battle of the Atlantic:' �.. <br />After the war, Mr. - <br />Bayly founded <br />Bayly Engineer- <br />ing, now Bayly <br />Communica- <br />lions Inc., first <br />in Oshawa <br />and then in <br />Ajax. <br />Prior to <br />the war, <br />he'd been <br />an clectricat <br />engineering <br />professor at the University of Toronto. When <br />the town was incorporated in the 1950s, he <br />became its first mayor. A thoroughfare run- <br />_ning cast to west through the town, south of <br />the 401, hears the name of the electronics ex- <br />pert. <br />Though books have been written about Pat <br />Bayly's wartime boss, Sir William Stephen - <br />'INTR0 <br />(communications transmitters) <br />secrets" following the events of <br />Dec. 7, 1941. The men behind <br />these accomplishments were not <br />credited in British accounts and <br />were often simply referred to, as <br />Mr. Macdonald coins it, as hav- <br />ing been achieved "through exist- <br />ing British channels:' <br />"The fact that it was a Canadi- <br />an operation was no more than a <br />footnote on the page," he adds, <br />EPIC <br />Sir St eph.er_s or_ <br />Author Bill Macdonald (kft) credits the <br />late Benjamin de Forest 'Pht' Bayly (top <br />right ) for the success of Camp X in Whit- <br />by used in the Second World War to train <br />spies . Mr. Bayly was the first mayor of <br />,,�" Ajax and helped organize the training fa- <br />cility. According to the author, the top -se- <br />"' <br />cret training ground 'had become a com- <br />b e t w e e n munications centre linking Washington, <br />England Ottawa, New York and London.' In an in - <br />and the Unit- terview with the author in 1991 before he <br />tw een Winston States (b died Mr. Bayly reluctantly acknowledged <br />[w <br />Churchill and Franklin the work he completed in breaking enemy <br />Roosevelt) before Pearl Harbour and that he communications codes, but took no credit <br />and Bayly "guarded the ULTRA and MAGIC for the success of the effort. <br />passionately. <br />"We've neglected <br />them and in the <br />case of Pat <br />Bayly, neglected <br />h him completely. <br />We're talking <br />shout a world <br />war and what <br />hese people <br />..,J to win it"' <br />Some of <br />Ic people <br />ho turned <br />ut to meet <br />and talk with <br />the author at <br />Chapters <br />hookstore <br />m the week- <br />rnd were <br />aware of <br />what Sir William Stephenson and Pat <br />Bayly had done. They had served with them. <br />"We appreciate the fact that we're heing <br />recognized at last" says Chris Ruttan, who <br />worked as a Morse code TK (telekrypton) op- <br />erator for Stephenson and Bayly at Camp X. <br />in Washington and in New York. "My father- <br />in-law was a colonel at Camp X and I met my <br />husband there, Captain George Ruttan, who <br />was in charge of communications:' <br />The Pickering woman, who admits to <br />being "over 70:' says she doesn't "know a lot, <br />but whenever the Americans came in to the <br />Alice (where she and other BSC personnel <br />worked) in the British Joint Staff Mission in <br />Washington, we had to cover up that ma- <br />chine." The machine six- refers to is ROCK - <br />EX. the "unbreakable" cypher machine de- <br />veloped by Pat Bayly. <br />By virtue of the top-w-cret goings-on <br />down by the Lakeshore in the 194X, few local <br />residents had anv idea the farmland was oc- <br />cupied by the first school for spies ever estab- <br />lished in North America. Following the suc- <br />cess of Ian Fleming's James Bond thrillers. <br />(Fleming has been quoted as saying he pat- <br />terned 0107 atter Sir William) layers of confu- <br />sion began to appear in books and film, fur- <br />ther muddying the already murky waters of <br />the wartime intelligence story. <br />Ruth Brooking, former chief librarian of <br />the Oshawa Public Library was only a child <br />when Camp X operated in her hometown. All <br />she says she remembers is a "high wire <br />fence:' Years later, she became acquainted <br />with Sir William and his daughter, Elizabeth, <br />in Bermuda. "He was just a wonderful man;' <br />she recalls after hearing Bill Macdonald talk <br />about her friend. <br />He was made a Companion to the Order of <br />Canada in 1980 when then Governor General <br />Ed Schreyer travelled to the home the aging <br />super sleuth made for himself and his family <br />in the British colony). <br />"They (Stephenson and Bayly) accom- <br />plished a lot of stuff and got no credit at all:' <br />says an emphatic Mr. Macdonald. <br />In the epilogue of his book, Bill Macdon- <br />ald admits having doubts about his much -ma- <br />ligned subject, especially when he unearthed <br />the facts concerning Stephenson's early life <br />in Winnipeg. He says he "questioned whether <br />British Security Co-ordination (the wartime <br />organization headed up by Sir William <br />Stephenson) even existed. <br />"it existed," he writes. ... "It seems we <br />have been poor caretakers of history when he- <br />roes of humanity's greatest tragedy are ne- <br />glected and forgotten. Certainly these were <br />lives of triumph that could be celebrated... " <br />